Press Conference for Report on Hygiene and Physical Status of People in Beijing for 2016
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning

On July 26, 2017, News Office of Beijing Municipal People’s Government joined hands with Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning in convening the press conference of Report on Hygiene and Physical Status of People in Beijing for 2016. TO roundly spur building of a healthy Beijing, Beijing Municipal Government would announce Report on Hygiene and Physical Status of People in Beijing to the society on the yearly basis (short as Whitepaper Letter for Health). It marks the 8th year on release of the letter for health. Whitepaper letter for health demonstrates to the society physical status of residents in Beijing and development of hygiene course in Beijing. It is a major measure for implementing strategies in National Convention on Hygiene and Health and Healthy China. Whitepaper Letter for Health for 2016 covers nine aspects. Its main characteristics cover:
I. Main indicators for health of residents are positive
Life expectancy for residents carrying Beijing census register in 2016 was 82.03 years old, up by 0.08 years when compared with that in 2015. Mortality rate of infants and minors under the age of 5 was respectively 2.21% and 2.67%, down by 8.7% and 11.6% respectively when compared with those in 2015. Affected by the second-child policy, maternal mortality rate was 10.83 per 100,000, slightly higher than that in 2015. Death rate out of epidemic disease among Beijing residents in 2016 was 4.42 per 100,000, down by 6.0% when compared with that in 2015. Measured from the indexes, main health indexes among Beijing residents were approximate to those in advanced countries.
When compared with 2009, life expectancy among Beijing residents was up by 1.56 years (80.47 years old for 2009), higher than the level in countries and regions with high incomes in the world (80.8 years old). Infant mortality rate was down by 37.7% (3.49% in 2009). Maternal mortality rate was down by 25.6% (14.55 per 100,000 for 2009). Data analysis for eight years indicate that Beijing has obtained leap-frog development in its hygiene and health course and health status among residents in Beijing has been significantly improved.
II. Input to medical hygiene on the rise with guarantee on health gradually completed
Beijing city-level finance appropriated 14.07529 billion Yuan to public hospitals, up by 29.4% when compared with that in 2015. Appropriation for public health totaled 3.32742 billion Yuan, up by 5.2% when compared with that in 2015. The team of staffs in community hygiene service organizations in the city maintains a growing tendency and its number reaches 35,105. When compared with that in 2012, number of establishment for community hygiene and service organizations was up by 1.5%. Full-time prevention staffs grow by 17.4%; total number for diagnosis and treatment grows by 26.6%, and the number for outpatient services is up by 29.2%.
By the end of 2016, Beijing had accomplished 30 kilometers of fitness footpath and had established 4,717 special sites for national fitness covering basketball, tennis, table tennis, cage football, gate ball and chess yards. Employees on the job who adhere to walk for over three kilometers total over 100,000. The concept of healthy life has been deeply rooted in people.
III. By spurring environmental building free from smoking, Beijing shows initial results on control of smoke
Over 1,000 publicity activities on control of smoke in varying sectors were carried out in 2016 with around 200,000 people being mobilized for supervision law enforcement. According to the research, 93.6% of varying public squares have labels on tobacco control. Exposure rate for secondhand smoke in indoors work fields is 20.0%, down by 44.0% when compared with that in 2014. Smoking rate among people aged 15 and above accounts for 22.3%, down by 4.7% when compared with that in 2014. People who smoke dwindle by around 200,000. Total sales of cigarette among wholesale and retail companies above designated size in 2016 dropped by 8.0% when compared with that in 2015. The number of smoking cessation clinic reaches 70. Non-smoking environmental building continues to be carried on.
IV. With assignments for prevention and control of chronic disease being grave, students’ diet and nutrition is on the rise
Top three reasons causing death among city residents in 2016 cover malignant tumor, heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, accounting for 72.3%, among which death rate of malignant tumor is 177.32 per 100,000, up by 0.68 % when compared with that in 2015, death rate of heart disease and that of cerebrovascular disease is by up 3.2% and 4.0% respectively when compared with those in 2015. Prevention of chronic diseases is still faced with great challenges. Hazards on health caused by chronic disease are on the rise in years to come.
According to monitoring status concerning nutrition and physical status of primary and middle-school students in Beijing, primary and middle-school students would intake much meat and salt on the daily basis and have scanty intake of potato, beans, fruits, vegetables, aquatic products, milk and milk products, soybean, nuts and so forth that are lower than requirements recommended for diet balance. Shortage rate for vitamin D among students is 23.2% and deficiency rate is 26.6%.
To help residents better understand whitepaper letter for health, Office of Beijing Municipal Working Commission of Health Promotion also released interpreting letter for whitepaper letter for health to elaborate key issues involved in the letter in a bid to expect that residents can constantly boost their management capacity and become practitioner and beneficiary of a healthy lifestyle via correct guidance and to make concerted efforts to roundly boost health status of residents.